Single parents most likely to skip meals during the cost of living crisis, Which? finds

Which? is calling on businesses to do more to help struggling families as new research from the consumer champion shows that single parents are most likely to skip meals due to rising food costs.

Millions of households across the UK are struggling to make ends meet during the cost of living crisis but Which? has found that parents – especially single parents – are being hit particularly hard.

Three in 10 (31%) single parent households surveyed said they had skipped meals due to rising food prices – compared to one in seven (15%) parents in couples and 14 per cent of all those surveyed.

One 43-year-old woman from the North West said: “I can’t do anything other than pay bills and can barely feed my children some weeks. I walk around the supermarket adding up what I can spend.”

Another 34 year-old respondent from Scotland said: “I’m not eating properly so that I have enough money to feed and clothe my kids and still have enough to put in my electricity meter… I don’t know what I will do once it gets cold… I worry about this daily while trying to make sure my kids are eating as healthy as possible, which is hard when you’re on a budget.”

Which? analysed Office of National Statistics data and found that different household types experience different levels of lived inflation.

Single parent and retired households have experienced a particularly high lived inflation rate compared to other family types because they spend a greater proportion of their budget on food, energy and fuel, which have all seen large price hikes during the cost of living crisis.

Single parents and retired households are estimated to spend just under a third (30%) of their income on energy, food and fuel from September 2022. This drops to a quarter (25%) of their income for couples with children and for single households without children (24%) and a fifth (22%) for couples without children.

All households are spending significantly more of their income on essentials than they did a year ago. However, Which?’s consumer insight tracker research found parents – especially single parents – are making the most financial adjustments due to the rising cost of living.

Nearly eight in ten (79%) of single parents and three quarters (74%) of couples with children surveyed said they had made at least one financial adjustment – such as cutting back on essentials, selling items or dipping into savings – in the last month to cover essential spending. This compares to just six in ten (62%) among everyone surveyed.

Worryingly, almost one fifth (18.8%) of single parent households and one in seven (13.7%) of couples with children in our survey said they had missed or defaulted on a vital payment in the last month – such as a mortgage, rent, credit card or bill payment – in September and October.

On average, the missed payment rate was 8.2 per cent across September and October, compared to 6.2 per cent in September last year.

Pensioners were by far the least likely to have missed a payment. However, the single pensioners surveyed were more than twice as likely to report a missed payment (2.6%) than pensioner couples (1%).

The consumer champion’s research also found that one in seven (15%) parents would struggle to pay an unexpected but necessary bill of £300 and that they are also the household type most likely to be relying on food banks.

One in ten (8%) of single parents and 5 per cent of parents in couples surveyed said they had used a food bank in the last two months. This compares to just 3 per cent of those surveyed overall.

Paul is an unpaid carer in his fifties. He lives with his wife, daughter and son in Milton Keynes. His son has a severe developmental disability.

Paul told Which?: “I used to come home with four or five bags, but now it’s three bags. I’m paying the same price for less products – even with the special offers. Meat is very expensive now. I think Sunday lunch will be a thing of the past.

“I sometimes go without eating as I prioritise food for my son. I’ve lost a lot of weight since April.”

Which? believes that essential businesses, such as supermarkets, have an important role to play in helping consumers during the cost of living crisis. As part of its Affordable Food For All campaign, the consumer champion has published a 10-point plan setting out specific steps supermarkets can take in three main areas: clear and transparent pricing, improving availability of affordable food ranges across all stores and more targeted promotions for customers who need them most.

The campaign is backed with a unique Priority Places for Food Index, developed with the Consumer Data Research Centre at the University of Leeds, which uses data from a range of indicators to identify where people in different parts of the UK are most likely to be struggling and need most support.

Rocio Concha, Which? Director of Policy and Advocacy, said: 

“Our research has found that families across the UK are struggling with the rising cost of living – with single parents most likely to be skipping meals or turning to food banks to make ends meet.

“As food prices continue to increase it is crucial that everyone is able to access affordable food that is healthy for themselves and their families.

“While the government has a crucial role to play, supermarkets can also play their part in helping their customers navigate the tough months ahead. Budget lines for healthy and affordable essential items need to be widely available across their stores and supermarkets should ensure shoppers can easily compare the price of products to get the best value. Promotions should be targeted at supporting those most in need.”


Notes to editors

Link to Which? affordable food campaign

Link to Which? Policy Report 

Link to Priority Places for Food tool

Previous Which? research found millions are skipping meals

Consumer Insight Tracker

The consumer insight tracker is an online poll conducted monthly by Yonder on behalf of Which?. It is weighted to be nationally representative with approximately 2,000 respondents per wave.

Two waves of our monthly consumer insight tracker were merged for this analysis to provide additional sample for analysis within subgroups of the sample. The fieldwork was conducted by Yonder on behalf of Which between 9th and 11th September 2022 and 12th and 14th October 2022.

The overall sample size is 4,192 adult consumers in the UK. Sample sizes for household groups mentioned in this release are as follows: Couples with children (876), Single parents (260), couple pensioners (614), single pensioners (392).  Percentages for household subgroups are unweighted and not nationally representative.

‘Lived inflation’ calculations are based on Which? analysis of ONS data on inflation and household spending. Estimated inflation rates are 9.1% and 10.1% for single parent and retired households, respectively. Please note that inflation rates are based on the Consumer Prices Index including owner occupiers’ costs (CPIH) as opposed to the CPI and refer to the 12 months up to September 2022.  Further details on the methodology can be found here.

Figure 1: Lived inflation among different household groups


Figure 2: Missed payment rates among different household types


Figure 3: The proportion making adjustments to cover essential spending among different household groups

Figure 4: Likelihood of skipping meals or using a food bank according to different household groups

About Which?

Which? is the UK’s consumer champion, here to make life simpler, fairer and safer for everyone. Our research gets to the heart of consumer issues, our advice is impartial, and our rigorous product tests lead to expert recommendations. We’re the independent consumer voice that influences politicians and lawmakers, investigates, holds businesses to account and makes change happen. As an organisation we’re not for profit and all for making consumers more powerful.

The information in this press release is for editorial use by journalists and media outlets only. Any business seeking to reproduce information in this release should contact the Which? Endorsement Scheme team at

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